El Índice de Género de los ODS de 2022

3 mins

El Índice de Género de los ODS de 2022 encuentra muy poco progreso en cuanto a la igualdad de género a nivel global entre 2015 y 2020. El puntaje del índice para igualdad de género se ubica en 67,8 en 2020, apenas un ligero incremento de menos de dos puntos desde 2015.

Si la tendencia continúa, el puntaje global llegará a solo 71 sobre 100 para el 2030, la fecha límite para la concreción de los ODS (ver la figura 4). E incluso esta proyección puede verse como optimista teniendo en cuenta el impacto que la pandemia de la covid-19 ya ha tenido sobre el bienestar de niñas y mujeres en todo el mundo

Principales conclusiones

  • El progreso en materia de igualdad de género ha sido demasiado lento, frágil y fragmentado. Entre 2015 y 2020, hubo muy poco progreso a nivel global. 
  • Si la tendencia continúa, el mundo alcanzará un puntaje de solo 71 de 100 para el 2030, la fecha límite para la concreción de los ODS.
  • Ninguno de los 144 países en el Índice de Género de los ODS ha logrado la igualdad de género, y ningún país tiene el mejor desempeño—y ni siquiera está entre los mejores diez en cuanto al desempeño— en todos los ODS. Cada país tiene mucho por hacer para concretar la visión de igualdad de género integrada en los objetivos.
  • Menos de un cuarto de los países están haciendo un “progreso rápido” hacia la igualdad de género, mientras que un tercio no está haciendo “ningún progreso” o, peor aún, está yendo en la “dirección equivocada”.
  • El lado positivo es que más de la mitad de los países del mundo están yendo en la dirección correcta en materia de igualdad de género.
  • Sin embargo, en 2020, más de 3000 millones de niñas y mujeres aún vivían en países con puntajes “bajos” o “muy bajos” en igualdad de género.

Resumen de las recomendaciones de políticas

El Índice de Género de los ODS de 2022 delinea un plan de acción para el cambio, basado en seis temas transversales que suelen caracterizar a los países y las regiones que progresan en el área de la igualdad de género.

  • Reformar y aplicar leyes contra la desigualdad. Los países que reforman y aplican plenamente leyes de igualdad de género tienen mejores resultados en salud, nutrición y educación para las mujeres y sus familias, empleos más resilientes para las mujeres y más mujeres en el Parlamento.
  • Invertir en servicios públicos e infraestructura social (incluido el cuidado). La transformación social necesaria para que haya igualdad de género debe financiarse, lo cual requiere presupuestos con perspectiva de género, impuestos progresivos y una inversión sólida en servicios públicos y en infraestructura pública (incluidos los servicios de cuidado). 
  • Promover el liderazgo, la participación y la voz de niñas y mujeres. La clave es combatir los mandatos de género y fomentar modelos; la mayor visibilidad de mujeres en la esfera pública crea un círculo virtuoso de participación. 
  • Cerrar la brecha de datos de género. Esto implica invertir en la mejora de la infraestructura de datos y formalizar la idea de un ecosistema de datos de género, pero también conlleva la movilización y construcción de puentes entre diferentes partes interesadas y las comunidades de datos, y hacer un buen uso de los macrodatos. 
  • Invertir en organizaciones y movimientos feministas, crearles espacios y prestarles atención. El progreso en materia de derechos de las mujeres habría sido mínimo sin la presión y la incidencia de estas organizaciones y movimientos. Necesitan recursos adecuados y espacios seguros para operar.
  • Trabajar con niñas y mujeres jóvenes y empoderarlas. Se debe escuchar su voz en las decisiones que las afectan. Para acelerar el progreso hacia la igualdad de género, es crítico que haya programas, políticas y leyes diseñados con y para ellas, y que sus grupos tengan financiamiento.

L’Indice du Genre dans les ODD 2022 d’EM2030

3 mins

L’Indice du Genre dans les ODD 2022 montre que peu de progrès en faveur de l’égalité de genre ont été réalisés à travers le monde entre 2015 et 2020. Le score d’Indice mondial en matière d’égalité de genre n’est que de 67,8 en 2020, soit une légère amélioration (de moins de deux points) depuis 2015.

Si les tendances actuelles se poursuivent, il ne s’élèvera qu’à 71 sur 100 en 2030, date limite pour la réalisation des ODD (voir la figure 4). Et même ces prévisions pourraient être considérées comme optimistes vu les effets de la pandémie de COVID-19 qui ont déjà été observés sur le bien-être des filles et des femmes du monde entier

Principaux constats

● Les progrès en faveur de l’égalité de genre ont été trop lents, trop fragiles et trop fragmentés : la situation n’a guère progressé au niveau mondial entre 2015 et 2020.

● Si les tendances actuelles se poursuivent, la communauté internationale n’atteindra qu’un score d’Indice de 71 sur 100 en 2030, date limite pour la réalisation des ODD.

● Aucun des 144 pays figurant dans l’Indice du Genre dans les ODD n’est parvenu à l’égalité de genre, et aucun n’occupe la première place du classement à cet égard, ou ne figure même parmi les dix premiers, et ce, à travers l’ensemble des ODD. Chaque pays doit en faire davantage pour concrétiser la vision de l’égalité de genre portée par les objectifs.

● Moins d’un quart des pays réalisent des « progrès rapides » vers l’égalité de genre, tandis qu’un tiers ne fait « aucun progrès » du tout ou va dans la « mauvaise direction ».

● Sur une note positive, plus de la moitié des pays à travers le monde progressent quant à eux dans la bonne direction.

● En 2020, cependant, plus de trois milliards de filles et de femmes vivaient encore dans un pays dont le score en matière d’égalité de genre était « faible », voire « très faible ».

Aperçu des recommandations stratégiques

L’Indice du Genre dans les ODD 2022 définit un plan d’action pour le changement à partir de six thèmes transversaux qui caractérisent souvent les pays et les régions qui font quelques progrès en faveur de l’égalité de genre.

Réformer et appliquer les lois contre les inégalités. Les pays qui réforment et appliquent pleinement les lois en faveur de l’égalité de genre obtiennent de meilleurs résultats en matière de santé, de nutrition et d’éducation pour les femmes et leur famille, proposent aux femmes des emplois plus résilients et comptent davantage de femmes au sein de leur parlement.

Investir dans les services publics et les infrastructures sociales (y compris les soins). La transformation sociale nécessaire à l’égalité de genre doit bénéficier d’un financement, ce qui nécessite des budgets tenant compte de la dimension de genre, une fiscalité progressive et des investissements importants dans les infrastructures et les services publics (y compris les soins).

Promouvoir le leadership, la participation et la voix des filles et des femmes. La clé est de combattre les normes de genre et de donner l’exemple, une plus grande visibilité des femmes dans la vie publique créant un cercle vertueux de participation.

Combler les lacunes dans les données sur le genre. Cela suppose d’investir dans l’amélioration des infrastructures de données et d’officialiser l’idée d’un écosystème de données sur le genre, mais aussi de mobiliser et de tisser des liens entre les différentes parties prenantes et communautés de données, et de faire bon usage des mégadonnées.

Investir dans les organisations et les mouvements féministes, mettre des espaces à leur disposition et les écouter. Peu de progrès en matière des droits des femmes auraient été réalisés sans l’impulsion et les efforts de plaidoyer de ces organisations et mouvements. Ils ont donc besoin de ressources suffisantes et d’espaces sûrs et sécurisés dans lesquels ils peuvent agir et défendre leurs intérêts.

Travailler avec les filles et les jeunes femmes, et leur donner les moyens d’agir. Leur voix doit être entendue dans la prise de décisions qui les concernent. Les programmes, politiques et lois conçus avec et pour elles, ainsi que le financement des groupes qui les représentent, sont essentiels pour accélérer les progrès en faveur de l’égalité de genre.

2022 SDG Gender Index Report

2 mins

The 2022 SDG Gender Index finds little progress on gender equality at the global level between 2015 and 2020. The global Index score for gender equality stands at just 67.8 in 2020: only a slight improvement of less than two points since 2015.

If current trends continue, the global score will reach only 71 out of 100 by 2030, the deadline for the achievement of the SDGs. And even this projection could be seen as optimistic, given the impact the COVID-19 pandemic has already had on the well-being of girls and women worldwide

Key Findings

  • Progress on gender equality has been too slow, too fragile and too fragmented: there was little progress on gender equality at a global level between 2015 and 2020.
  • If current trends continue, the world will reach an Index score of only 71 out of 100 by 2030, the deadline for the achievement of the SDGs.
  • Not one of the 144 countries in the SDG Gender Index has achieved gender equality, and no country is the world’s best performer – or even among the world’s top ten performers – across all SDGs. Every country has more to do to realize the vision of gender equality embedded within the goals.
  • Less than a quarter of countries are making ‘fast progress’ towards gender equality; a third of countries are either making ‘no progress’ at all or are moving in the ‘wrong direction’.
  • On the positive side, more than half of countries worldwide are moving in the right direction on gender equality.
  • However, in 2020, more than three billion girls and women still lived in countries with ‘poor’ or ‘very poor’ scores for gender equality.

Overview of the Policy Recommendations

The 2022 SDG Gender Index sets out a blueprint for change, based on six cross-cutting themes that often characterize the countries and regions making some progress on gender equality.

  • Reform and apply inequality laws. Countries that reform and fully implement gender equality laws have better health, nutrition and educational outcomes for women and their families, more resilient employment for women, and more women in their parliaments.
  • Invest in public services and social (including care) infrastructure. The social transformation needed for gender equality must be funded, which requires gender-responsive budgets, progressive taxation and strong investment in public services and public (including care) infrastructure.
  • Promote the leadership, participation and voice of girls and women. The key is to combat gender norms and promote role models, with the greater visibility of women in public life creating a virtuous circle of participation.
  • Close the gender data gaps. This means investing in improving data infrastructure and formalizing the idea of a gender data ecosystem, but also mobilizing and building bridges between different stakeholders and data communities, and making good use of ‘big data’.
  • Invest in, create space for, and listen to feminist organizations and movements. Little progress on women’s rights would have been made without pressure and advocacy from these organizations and movements. They need proper resourcing and safe, secure spaces in which to operate and advocate.
  • Work with and empower girls and young women. Their voices should be heard in the decisions that affect them. Programmes, policies and laws designed with and for them, and funding for their groups, are critical for accelerated progress towards gender equality.

2020 Bending the Curve Report

4 mins

Our new research report finds that half of countries studied (67 out of 129 countries) – home to 2.1 billion girls and women – won’t achieve any of five key gender equality targets by 2030 if their current pace continues. The report covers: access to contraception, girls’ education, political leadership, workplace equality laws, and safety. However, the report also finds that if all countries matched the pace of fast-moving countries over the next decade, nearly three quarters of the world’s girls’ and women could instead live in countries that would reach four or even all five of these gender equality targets by the year 2030.

Key Findings

The analysis overwhelmingly shows that we need to pick up the pace of progress for girls and women – and some countries demonstrate that rapid change is possible. At a global level, each issue is trending in the right direction – but diving deeper, we can see that progress cannot be taken for granted. Some countries are stagnating or even moving backwards on key issues. And globally, we are not even close to being on track to reaching these five key gender equality targets by 2030. The analysis finds that:

  • Countries are not moving fast enough: at current rates of progress, no country will achieve all five or even four out of five targets by the SDG deadline. Only 24 countries will achieve two or three of the five targets and 38 countries will achieve only one of the five gender equality targets by 2030. A full 67 countries (52 per cent) will not achieve any of the five targets by 2030 (see Figure 1). If all countries matched the pace of the fast-moving countries, however, almost all countries studied (123 out of 129) would achieve at least two targets.
  • Several high-income countries are stagnating or even seeing reversals in progress on some issues: While high-income countries tend to have higher levels of gender equality overall (see Figure 3), a number of these richer countries have been moving at a very slow pace or even in the wrong direction on the issues studied. For example, Serbia and Japan saw access to family planning decrease over the past two decades.
  • Progress is evident but not always consistent: For example, the pace of change in women’s representation in ministerial roles globally grew more quickly from 2000 to 2008 but has slowed down since 2008. Countries in North America and Europe that had the highest proportion of women ministers in 2001 (holding at least 20 per cent of cabinet roles) have since seen slower rates of progress towards parity than in the region overall. We may be moving in the right direction, but not nearly fast enough and not consistently.
  • Looking issue by issue, there are countries that have made rapid progress towards gender equality over the past 10 to 20 years: For example, several countries (including Ghana, Angola, Belize, and Viet Nam amongst others) have been increasing the number of girls who complete secondary school by more than ten per cent per year since around 2000.
  • Factors contributing to rapid progress vary by issue and by country, but common themes include government prioritisation and commitment, coordinated investment, implementation of equality-focused policies including quotas, and the influence of gender equality advocates and champions (including feminist movements). Systematic research about the factors behind the fast-moving countries on each issue is beyond the scope of this study but represents an important angle for future investigation.
  • Renewed efforts are needed to reach the most vulnerable: Girls and women facing intersecting forms of discrimination are most likely to be left behind, even when progress is made for girls and women overall. For example, while violence against girls and women remains pervasive globally, some groups are more acutely affected: in the United States, “Native American and Alaska Native” women experience higher rates of gender-based violence than any other group; “First Nations and Inuit” women in Canada face violence at three times the rate of non-indigenous women.
  • There is hope: some countries – across all regions of the world – are already moving at an accelerated pace on one or more of the five key gender equality issues studied. In this way, Bending the Curve provides a starting point for deeper evaluation of how change for girls and women can be accelerated and how success stories can be replicated in order to bend the curve towards gender equality by 2030.

Key Findings by Issue

Significant acceleration globally is needed on all of the gender equality issues studied, but the end target is closer on some issues than others:

  • Progress on access to family planning needs to accelerate globally by three times to reach the target by 2030. This would lead to over 400 million more girls and women having access to contraception to plan if and when they have children than if the current pace continued to 2030.
  • The world also needs to move three times faster than it has over the past 10 to 15 years to ensure that every girl completes secondary school by 2030. 85 million more girls would complete secondary school by 2030 if countries moved at this accelerated pace than if the current pace continues.
  • Just 23 per cent of government minister posts globally are held by women and 77 million girls and women live in countries that do not have a single female minister. More than 650 million girls and women in 64 countries have never had an elected or appointed female head of state or government. Progress on this issue has slowed in recent years and 40 countries have moved backward since 2001.
  • Progress needs to accelerate by nearly two times to ensure women are equally represented in the most powerful political positions by 2030.
  • In 2009, just 16 countries (all in Europe and North America) received a top score of 100 (based on data from the World Bank) for their workplace equality laws. By 2020, this number more than doubled to 36 countries (spread across four regions). We need 93 countries to bring their laws up to this standard by 2030 to meet the target globally (an acceleration in pace of more than two times). Changes in workplace laws in the last decade have meant that 215 million more women are now entitled, in principle, to 14+ weeks paid maternity leave, among other benefits.
  • Nearly half of women globally don’t feel safe walking at night and this figure has barely changed since 2006. In fact, perceptions of safety worsened in nearly half of countries studied between 2006–2018. At the current rate of progress we wouldn’t reach the target of all girls and women saying they feel safe walking at night until the year 2179 – more than six generations from now. Progress needs to accelerate by nearly 13 times times – the greatest acceleration needed across the five issues studied – to ensure that by 2030 every girl and woman reports feeling safe.

2019 Open Government and Gender Equality

2 mins

Opportunities for engaging women’s rights organisations

Gender equality is an increasingly prominent thematic area of focus in the open government community. There are valid normative reasons behind this: women constitute half of the world’s citizens and including women—particularly diverse and intersectional voices—in all levels of governance is the right thing to do. There is—as the Feminist Open Government Initiative’s 2019 report lays out in detail—also a strong strategic case to be made about the value proposition of making OGP processes more inclusive.

The rationale for OGP member governments to more deliberately engage with women’s rights organisations and movements as part of open government processes includes:

  • Broadening the base of stakeholders with “ownership”: OGP can catalyse the inclusion of more voices around the open government table as a proposition to strengthen the movement, build consensus around OGP principles, and draw in other individual and organisational resources and influence.
  • Creating pathways to greater inclusion: Many WROs and movements already have strong intersectional partners (e.g., focus on advocacy for racial or ethnic minority, disability, elderly, or LGBT+ groups) and are plugged into national or regional networks. Co-creation with WROs could open pathways for member governments to better take into account a range of different population groups’ specific needs within open government commitments.
  • Connecting technical processes to lived realities: Meaningful engagement with grassroots organisations— particularly women’s rights organisations and movements—can help open government processes better reflect the needs and concerns of citizens. This is particularly relevant given the findings from OGP-supported research (including EM2030 focus groups) that open government is currently seen by many citizens across regions as a capital city-driven agenda led by technical experts.
  • Tapping into deep thematic knowledge: WROs are best positioned to input deep knowledge about the real challenges facing women and girls in their communities, including guidance on how women and girls engage differently with government services, or with broader transparency and accountability mechanisms. WROs bring substantial expertise and advocacy approaches for thematic issues areas (e.g., on gender-based violence or women’s political participation) that could inform stand-alone gender commitments.

2019 SDG Gender Index Report

2 mins

In the 2019 Global Report “Harnessing the power of data for gender equality: Introducing the 2019 EM2030 SDG Gender Index”, we introduce the 2019 SDG Gender Index. The index is the most comprehensive tool available to explore the state of gender equality across 129 countries (covering 95% of the world’s girls and women), 14 of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), and 51 targets linked to issues inherent in the SDGs.

The 2019 SDG Gender Index finds that, with just 11 years to go until 2030, nearly 40% of the world’s girls and women – 1.4 billion – live in countries failing on gender equality.

Another 1.4 billion live in countries that “barely pass”. Even the highest-scoring countries have more to do, particularly on complex issues such as climate change, gender budgeting and public services, equal representation in powerful positions, gender pay gaps, and gender-based violence. No country in the world has reached the “last mile” on gender equality.

2019 Global Report overview

Section 1: A foreword from Equal Measures 2030’s partners: The African Women’s Development and Communication Network (FEMNET), The Asian-Pacific Resource & Research Centre for Women (ARROW), Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, the Committee for Latin America and the Caribbean for the Defense of Women’s Rights (CLADEM), Data2X, International Women’s Health Coalition (IWHC), KPMG, ONE Campaign, Plan International, Women Deliver.   

Section 2: Key findings from the 2019 SDG Gender Index.

Section 3: Introducing the 2019 SDG Gender Index, the approach, what makes this index unique and how the findings should be interpreted.

Section 4: Key global findings, patterns and comparisons of index scores between and within the different regions: Asia and the Pacific, Europe and North America, Latin America and the Caribbean, the Middle East and North Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa.

Section 5: Regional overviews of index scores and gender equality context, and thematic deep drives on 1) inequalities in girls’ education, 2) women in science and technology research positions, 3) girls’ and women’s physical safety, 4) legal barriers for women, 5) women in government.

Section 6: Leaving no one behind: multiple and intersecting forms of discrimination of girls and women.

Section 7: Recommendations for action. 

Annex: Annexes including the indicator framework, methodology and design of the index.

2018 Advocates Survey

1 min

In 2018, Equal Measures 2030 (EM2030) and the global researching firm Ipsos MORI asked more than 600 gender advocates about their views on progress towards gender equality, how they feel about current data sources and what issues to prioritize in our push for better and more accessible data in order to better meet the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) for girls and women.

The results of the EM2030 Advocates Survey 2018 demonstrate that gender advocates have different perspectives according to their own gender, with more than half of male respondents (55%) saying the gender equality situation in their country has improved, compared to one third of female respondents (33%).

Key survey findings:

  • 91% of the advocates surveyed believed that collecting data on issues that affect girls and women is not a priority for governments.
  • 89% of advocates agree that achieving the SDGs for girls and women will not be possible without the right data.
  • 49% of the advocates feel that gender equality has neither improved nor worsened but has instead remained static for the past five years.
  • When asked what would help them to use data and evidence more effectively to promote gender equality, 70% of the advocates surveyed agree that they need greater knowledge of existing data and where to find them.

2018 Global Report

2 mins

Global Report 2018: Data Driving Change

Read our 2018 global report, where Equal Measures 2030 introduces the pilot SDG Gender Index, a tool that tells the story of progress for girls and women and measures whether the world is on track to achieve gender equality by 2030. This global report unpacks the pilot SDG Gender Index to demonstrate its use for cross-country comparisons and in-depth analysis, and for the review of gender equality across the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

  • Section 2 introduces the SDG Gender Index, the most comprehensive overall measure of progress towards gender equality aligned to the SDGs to date. It sets out the rationale for an Index that spans the full breadth of gender equality issues and outlines the unique design and development of the Index, spurred and guided by the data needs of those working at the frontline in the quest for gender equality.
  • Section 3 provides an overall analysis of the SDG Gender Index findings across our six focus countries – Colombia, El Salvador, India, Indonesia, Kenya and Senegal – reinforcing the value of the Index for cross-country comparison.
  • Section 4 shows how the Index can be used to deep dive into the national picture, featuring country profiles with real-life stories and details of the work of our national partners.
  • Section 5 provides conclusions and next steps for the Equal Measures 2030 partnership and is followed by annexes providing full details of the SDG Gender Index framework and indicators, the ‘missing’ critical issues, and our methodology.
  • The annexes provide significant background information on the design and rationale of the SDG Gender Index. In particular, annex 3 demonstrates the SDG Gender Index at work across 12 of the 17 SDGs.  Annex 4 takes a closer look at the policy issues that are currently ‘missing’ from the global data picture, but that are of critical importance for girls and women.

2017 Policy Maker Report

1 min

Policymakers and Gender Equality: What They Know and How They Know It

Understanding the perspectives of policymakers on gender equality – as well as the extent to which these perspectives are grounded in data and evidence – is a crucial part of understanding where change needs to happen in order to keep us on track to reach the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) for girls and women by 2030.

The fact remains that, if the SDGs are to be achieved, it will be because policymakers in the 193 countries that signed up to the SDGs put in place the laws, policies and funding necessary to implement the goals on the ground.

By surveying 109 policymakers in five countries (Indonesia, India, Kenya, Senegal and Colombia), this research seeks to shed light on:

  • How do policymakers perceive progress on gender equality in their countries?
  • What most needs to change in order to improve gender equality?
  • What data and evidence do they rely on to make their decisions?
  • How confident are they in their understanding of the major challenges affecting girls and women in their countries?

The survey results raise concerns about whether policymakers are equipped with and sufficiently using the basic information required to drive action towards the ambitious gender equality targets that are part of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).